Making a list, checking in twice…
So how does one prepare a boat for cruising? Not to mention preparing the crew, and arranging one’s affairs… The mind fairly boggles!
Those last two will likely be the seed for later posts, but the first – preparing a boat – is today’s topic. This gets a bit long, so if you’re the sort that has no interest in DIY and saving a few dollars by investing your time, you might want to skim. Anyway, for me (Keith) it always begins with a list.
Initially my lists are usually quite short; along the lines of:
- Find a boat
- Sell our stuff
- Go cruising
But then reality steps in. Ok, which boat? What type, what size, how much can we afford, what condition is it in…? We have a prior blog – A Yacht’s New Chapter – that details our first approach to finding our perfect cruising boat, and for anyone considering buying a neglected or abandoned boat as a DIY project, it’s highly recommended reading. I’m not trying to discourage anyone from that approach, or even from building your own boat. But I also know that the percentage of potential cruisers who actually end up going cruising drops dramatically when restoration or construction is included in the plan. Only you know if your primary goal is actually cruising, or if you’d actually rather be working on the boat instead.In our case, I realized that I simply wasn’t going to live long enough to both restore our Alberg 35, Renaissance, AND take her cruising, and since cruising was very much the goal, we made a major shift in our approach, and after considerable soul-searching and study, bought a boat that was “ready to go”.
Note the quotes around “ready-to-go”. Trust me, there is no such thing, at least not within the income range of 90% of us. Following the advice of the pre-purchase survey and the desires of the insurance company, I spent about 200 hours of labor and an additional $2000 in parts to address a list of concerns numbering perhaps 15 items. Note that this was on a boat which really was in very good condition, and had been lovingly maintained by her talented and devoted owner of 23 years. Sionna was in sail-away condition the day we first saw her (photos above), yet we still put the equivalent (had we hired the work done at local going rates) of $14,000 into her, on top of her purchase price. And we’d never even seen her in the water yet. What sort of work?
- Overhaul of drive shaft system due to a lube leak
- Remove, inspect, and reinstall two chainplates which showed minor exterior corrosion (and rebuild the deck damage caused by the removal!)
- Rebuild two other areas of deck that showed surface cracks
- Remove, clean and re-attach all grounding straps throughout.
- Replace many pieces of running rigging line due to age or improper materials.
- Install GFCI outlets
- Install smoke/CO detectors
- Replace fire extinguishers
- Remove, inspect, reinstall and re-fiberglass over the centerboard pins
- Prep and paint the bottom
- Remove and re-stencil the hailing port name
…all this and more before we launched the boat for the first time. Let this be a lesson to you if you’re thinking of buying a boat and taking off – you will either spend a lot more up-front than you hope so that someone else has already done all this work, or you will spend it after the purchase to assure that your new floating home will stay floating. All boats – even very good boats – need continuing maintenance work to stay that way.
We launched Sionna for the first time in May of 2015 – a very happy day for both us and her former owners – and spent the season getting to know her. She sailed better than my unspoken fears suggested (her sail area to displacement ratio is pretty low), and her comfort level is much better than our prior experience in other boats. She just feels “right”. We spent almost half the summer living aboard, including our first two overnight passages, our first fog encounters, our first whale sightings… And lots of gorgeous sunsets.
But just as important as those delightful and critical first experiences, all that time living aboard also gave us a chance to form our impressions of her as a floating, long-term cruising home. What did we love? What did we miss? What could we just not live without? What could we let go? Those questions became the basis for – yes – another list!
Once we’d hauled the boat for the season in October ’15, we began making a list of equipment and refit projects that we felt would make living aboard something we would truly enjoy, rather than just tolerate. Camping is fun, for a few days. Camping for 8 months might loose a little of its luster!
So below is that winter work list, containing 45 separate “projects”. It’s interesting to note that a given project frequently has a number of component steps to completion, each of which is almost a project in itself. For example, there’s a line item for “Install manual anchor windlass” But in order to install the windlass, I had to fabricate & install an oak doubler plate under the foredeck to carry the loads imposed by the windlass, and then remove, modify and replace the hawse pipe so that the anchor rode from the windlass would feed smoothly into the anchor locker below. To install the stove I had to disassemble the stove area of the galley and re-build it to allow the stove to swing on its gimbals. I’ve got about 25 hours in each of those projects alone.
I note also that this list is roughly twice as long now as it was when I started last fall. That’s because each project makes me more intimately familiar with the boat and her systems, leading to more “good ideas” to add to the upgrade list! This is what you call the rachet effect of boat work – one project leads naturally to another, and if you don’t draw a firm line, YOU WILL NEVER LEAVE THE DOCK! It happens all the time.
Anyway – the list:
Install gimballed stove with oven Install propane system
Install solar panel and controller Replace fresh water plumbing
Replace head faucet Install fresh water filter
Modify aft cabin to a double berth Make outboard motor stowing block
Install AIS/chart plotter (BIG one!) Rebuild port water tank (another big one!)
Re-bed aft cabin ports Re-caulk port salon port
Install refrigeration system in ice box Install cabin fan
build aft port screens Companionway screens
Re-plumb galley hand pump Install head liquids pump
Add shelves in hanging locker Replace stern light
Exchange halyards at mast head Install shower in cockpit
Install engine hour meter Reverse hanging locker door
Add hatch to hanging locker and install floor for additional galley storage
Install stereo (we don’t do tv, but music…)
Re-rig main centerboard winch Install AIS antenna
Add shelves in aft cabin Make wedge cushion for aft cabin
Add insulation in fridge Epoxy interior of fridge
Remove icebox sump & pump, and close off thru-hull
Secure main cabin floorboards Create lock for roller-furler
Install manual windlass Replace main traveller car
Seal wires to solar panel Install mizzen wire pass-through
Re-bed aft hatch rails Service all sea-cocks
Install storm trysail track on mast
These aren’t all going to get done, and I’m comfortable with that. My list also includes marks to prioritize the items on it, and when it’s time to launch in the spring, I’m sure there will be items that aren’t done. I don’t care. In she goes, I’ll pack some tools, and if I feel motivated enough and need those few “comfort items” badly enough, I’ll do them.
But come August 15th or thereabouts, this boat is heading south with us on it.